Land reclamation in island cities Despite its prominence in coastal cities and despite the lively debate on urban public space in general, land reclamation is rarely subject to social science urban development inquiries, and its special implications for public space are rarely discussed. In Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences (Vol. By continuing you agree to the. The reclamation of land from the ocean has long been used in mountainous Hong Kong to expand the limited supply of usable land with a total of around 60 square kilometres of land created by 1996. 683–692). Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Land reclamation refers to the activity of building more land or adding land area to a small island (or islet) or reef, making it bigger and more habitable. Japan plans further land reclamation work at Henoko site of new U.S. base in Okinawa from March. Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences (2011) 19 683-692. Land reclamation is associated with some dangers, such as flooding and soil liquefaction. By 2009, 400 million tons of cargo traveled through the port, but Rotterdam was nearing its capacity. Copyright © 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.05.186. Dec. 30, 2020. Clay, dirt or soil is th… Land reclamation on water bodies has been a common practice in Japan in the last century due to modernization, the growth of population, the geographical characteristics of the Japanese archipelago and the scarcity of available land (85% of the country is composed by woods and mountains). Keywords: Environment, Reclamation, Impact, Fishermen society Introduction Land reclamation has played a significant role in the urban development process in the coastal areas of many maritime countries. These disasters actually intensify the vulnerability of our cities. 19, pp. Many studies have documented the indirect effect of the Great East Japan Earthquake on production through supply chain disruptions. Originating as a fourteenth-century settlement along a small peat river, Rotterdam eventually grew into Europe’s largest seaport. 2. How to increase brand awareness through consistency; Dec. 11, 2020 Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.05.186, Mendeley Supports Responsible Sharing We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content. They are commonly called shinden, “new paddy fields,” but in terms of social structure they do not radically differ from the older settlements. land reclamation of STP(phase 1) at Tanjung Tokong Penang was completed in 2006, causing severe depletion of fishery resources. Reclaimed lands are also to blame for the rise of the water level on the bay which causes massive flooding and storm surges. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Prezi’s Big Ideas 2021: Expert advice for the new year; Dec. 15, 2020. Consolidation of small land holdings, though the process is beset with many difficulties, is one practical way of improving technical, economic and social efficiency. This paper will examine two cases in the Lake Biwa, corresponding to both urban and rural areas in order to show two different ways in which land reclamation was developed in Lake Biwa. The following checklist which is not complete and does not cover all possible conditions may serve a useful purpose by indicating areas justifying attention: The social impacts of the Tohoku earthquake were overwhelming. The land reclaimed is known as reclamation ground or land fill.. Land reclamation can occur by either the process of poldering or by raising the level of a seabed or a low lying field. (2015) and Dekle et al. Physico-chemical impacts include the change of bathymetry of the waters around the reclamation area due to the dredging and … (2016) utilised the inter-regional input-output table, and Cavalho et al. The study of the effects of reclaimed land on the environment has been made by surveying, analyzing, forecasting and evaluating the types, mechanism and scale of the effects on possible environmental factors under the assumption that the existence of reclaimed land is a transient condition. vessels operating, and the potential impacts on pelagic fisheries resources and nearshore coral reefs. Those who did survive the immediate effects of the earthquake had to face another challenge: staying alive. This paper will examine two cases in the Lake Biwa, corresponding to both urban and rural areas in order to show two different ways in which land reclamation was developed in Lake Biwa. The study of the natural functions of peatswamps leads to an assessment of the environmental impacts caused by their reclamation. Land reclamation on water bodies has been a common practice in Japan in the last century due to modernization, the growth of population, the geographical characteristics of the Japanese archipelago and the scarcity of available land (85% of the country is … Land reclamation, a comm on practice in Japan and par ticularly around Lake Biwa, generates not only physical and environm ental effects, but also social and cultural consequences. However, it’s highly controversial because of the impact it would have on the surrounding environment. They are responsible for destroying natural habitats and hence threatening biodiversity. Instead, land reclamation Globally the simplest method is called infilling where the target region is filled with numerous heavy rocks. For … ... around 20 percent of the reclamation work in … A large-scale application of land reclamation has occurred at Rotterdam. Blog. Our footprint is a concern and industry is working to reduce land disruption, with a focus on restoration and protecting wildlife. Whilst land reclamation receives increasing attention as a feasible urban solution for coastal development, conclusions on the social and economic effects of reclamation … Since 2004, reclamation showed adverse impact towards the physico- chemical environment, biological environment, and social aspects in the area. Figure 41 presents the layout of a 120 ha pilot project area before and after land consolidation (Sinha and Borah, 1980). Asia’s mania for reclaiming land from the sea spawns mounting problems… Land reclamation has harmed marine life: Survey, The Peninsula Quatar (03-05-2017) Survey shows that land reclamation has adverse effects on coral reefs and fish quantity has decreased in the last five years in the coastal areas of Doha, Quatar… Considerable local difference is evident in the settlement pattern. However, these human activities have been causing undesirable effects on the natural environment. Land reclamation on water bodies has been a common practice in Japan in the last century due to modernization, the growth of population, the geographical characteristics of the Japanese archipelago and the scarcity of available land (85% of the country is composed by woods and mountains). The first batch of SIBs in Japan … Impacts of land reclamation on the landscape of Lake Biwa, Japan. For political and economic reasons, systematic sea reclamation started in Bahrain in 1990. (2014) analysed micro-data on inter-firm transaction networks – but most studies found substantial impacts on output in areas not directly damaged by the earthquake and tsunami. Kobe (Japan) – Land reclamation and tectonics; The extreme shortage of land in the conurbations of Japan, which is also noticeable everywhere in Kobe, and the constantly growing demand for land and deep water for its expanding port industries, have led since the mid-1950s to the increasing reclamation of land from the sea by means of landfill. By continuing you agree to the Cookie Settings. Mendeley users who have this article in their library. Oil and natural gas exploration and production, including oil sands development, does impact land. Environmental conservation is a consideration throughout a project, from planning to reclamation and reforestation. Between 60 and 70 square kilometres of land under the sea were reclaimed in order to construct artificial islands such as the 2.7 square kilometer (1 square mile) AMWAJ Islands, the 2.5 square kilometer Diyar Al-Muharraq, and the 2 square kilometer Durrat Al-Bahrain, among others. Also, land reclamation has had repercussions in the physical environment as well as in the social and cultural life of the population living in the places where these developments were carried out, particularly regarding the way in which people perceived the landscape. Land clearance and reclamation have contributed to the social and economic development in various parts of the world. There are several impacts that land reclamation has had on coastal ecosystems: 1. Land reclamation has been increasingly seen as a solution to this. The death toll reached approximately 19,000, although a large majority of these fatalities occurred due to drowning in the tsunami. They badly affect not just the lives of the residents but also may shut down local economic activities particularly those in low-lying cities. Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a waste landfill), is the process of creating new land from oceans, seas, riverbeds or lake beds. Social impact bonds (SIBs) have been increasingly attracting public attention as a new method of social investment. 10.3 Environmental Impacts of Peat Reclamation. Copyright © 2021 Mendeley Ltd. All rights reserved. M ajor threats identified for Fiji’s coastal resources are the increasing rates of coastal activities such as land reclamation, coral extraction, and river dredging, compounded by … Reclaimed lands are expensive and can be damaging to corals and marine life. During Japan’s post-war economic miracle, various coastal areas across Japan undertook vast land reclamation projects to house maritime and industrial factories. Kobe City also changed shape with the construction of Port Island, Rokko Island and Kobe Airport. Learn how you can share. Land reclamation method depends on factors such as types of equipment available, type of coastal soil or sand, the topography of the ocean bed or even intended use of the reclaimed land. Reclaimed land has become a big concern in recent years. Also, land reclamation has had repercussions in the physical environment as well as in the social and cultural life of the population living in the places where these developments were carried out, particularly regarding the way in which people perceived the landscape. Historically traceable settlements largely originated through land reclamation after the 16th century. 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