Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: In 1862, John Wesley Powell married Emma Dean with whom he had a daughter, Mary Dean Powell. Lake Powell is a man-made reservoir on the Colorado River. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. John Wesley Powell was born on March 24, 1834, in New York, United States of America. Powell, who insisted on being called “Major,” proved himself brave, intelligent, and resourceful, but he also was aggressive, egotistical, and obstinate. Fowler, Don. Secondary Literature. As USGS director, however, he also had opportunities, made choices, received repeated warnings, refused to change, and nearly brought the agency down with him. There is such an abundance of information about Powell on the web that I found it difficult to marshall it all into a readable account. He also believed in the social function of science and would not divorce it from the development of pure science. The early 1940s were dominated by World War II. It was republished in 1895 as ‘Canyons of Colorado.’ In 1876, he published the book ‘Report on the Geology of the Eastern Portion of the Uinta Mountains’. economic and regional geology, federal science administration, mining consulting. He died at the age of sixty eight. Congress turned to the Agriculture Department for aid in reaching a better understanding of the West’s surface and underground water supplies. Just a year after, he was ordained a priest and served as a parish curate the next two years. 1898 Truth and Error. see also Bureau of Reclamation, U.S.; Geological Survey, U.S.; Stream Erosion and Landscape Development. Washington Academy of Science, Proceedings 5:131–187. He led several expeditions where he collected specimens and fossils. King could not, as many wished, resume the director-ship. Philip Wesley - Far and away . Enlisting as a private in May 1861, he was a captain within six months and a member of Grant’s staff, considered something of an authority on fortifications. John Wesley Powell rose to prime prominence as a Explorer. In 1869, Major John Wesley Powell, a one-armed Civil War veteran with a thirst for science and adventure, made a pioneering journey through the canyon on the Colorado River. . Beyond the Hundredth Meridian: John Wesley Powell and the Second Opening of the West. John Wesley was born in Epworth, England 23 miles (37 km) north west of Lincoln, the son of Samuel Wesley, a graduate of Oxford, and minister of the Church of England. View this article's JSTOR metadata. 22 Dec. 2020 . John Wesley Powell, (born March 24, 1834, Mount Morris, New York, U.S.—died September 23, 1902, Haven, Maine), American explorer, geologist, and ethnologist, best known for his exploration of the upper portion of the Colorado River and the Grand Canyon. In 1868 he repeated the expedition, exploring west of the continental divide and wintering on the White River in western Colorado. His importance as a scientific explorer was recognized when he became director of the U.S. Geological Survey in 1880. Under Powell’s leadership USGS direct appropriations increased steadily through the 1880s and the agency’s staff and activities grew proportionally to include, as full- or part-time employees, NAS president Marsh and almost all of Powell’s other actual or potential critics. As a consequence the family led a wandering life, moving always westward toward newer frontiers: in 1838 to Jackson, Ohio, near Chillicothe: in 1846 to South Grove, Wisconsin: in 1851 to Bonus Prairie, Illinois; the next year to Wheaton, Illinois; and finally, after John Wesley had broken away to follow his scientific inclinations rather than devote himself to the ministry for which his father had intended him, to Emporia. His extremely important Report on the Lands of the Arid Region (1878) made use of the staff and the findings of his survey to State the conditions of the West and the necessary institutional and legal changes if it was to be settled without great individual hardship and disaster to the land. To King’s dismay Powell quickly remade the USGS into a national bureau for topographic mapping and basic geology but at the expense of the agency’s mandated studies in mineral resources and other applied geology vital to the nation’s economic health. He attended Wheaton and Oberlin colleges but obtained no degree. When Clarence King resigned as director of the U.S. Geological Survey in 1881, Powell succeeded him, without relinquishing his position as head of the Bureau of Ethnology. In traversing the plateau country, he recognized the intimate relation between the land, the climate, and the people who occupied the land. After a fifteen-year detail to Interior’s surveys Dutton returned at his request to the Army Ordnance Corps. Explorer of the western U.S. who became the first person to study the Colorado rivers. In partnership with Clarence Dutton and G. K. Gilbert, Powell advanced the understanding of how uplift and running water shape mountain and valley landforms. Nelson, Clifford. During the 1869 voyage three men died after Powell failed to prevent their. The son of a Methodist preacher who moved first to Ohio, then to Wisconsin, and then to Illinois, Powell received a casual education. In 1859, he became the secretary of the Illinois Natural History Society. Check out our john wesley powell selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our prints shops. Expeditions Powell served as an officer of Union artillery in combat during the Civil War and led a daring exploration of the Green and Colorado Rivers in 1869. The important Report on the Lands of the Arid Region of the United States, 45th Congress, 2nd Session, HR Executive Document 73(Washington, D.C., 1878), has been repr., also with an intro. March 24, Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. While traveling among the tribes of the High Plains, Powell took notes on their languages and customs. ." New York: Dover Press (reprint) ISBN 0-486-20094-9. Both Gilbert and Dutton testified to the provocative fecundity of Powell’s ideas and the impossibility of separating out individual contributions. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1879. He joined the Union army, serving more than three years in the artillery, and lost his right arm in the battle of Shiloh. He later became the second lieutenant. He attended Oberlin College where he studied Latin and Ancient Greek, but he never obtained a Degree. By 1882 Congress had not yet founded the separate agency for surveys of measurement and position that King sought to secure a more reliable national geological map and to advance other USGS work. His study of th semiarid lands and of the adjustments made by the Indians and Mormons who lived there emphasized the essential character of the region: although the land is potentially irrigable, there is an insufficient supply of water. Available from the Publications Warehouse at Washington, DC: National Geographic, 2002. Many in Congress and industry opposed Powell and his ideas, most of these persons with good reasons although some did so with ill grace. In 1881, he was appointed as a director by the United States Geological Survey. During America's Gilded Age, John Wesley Powell contributed significantly to a better understanding of the influence of running water on landscapes and the importance of a more rational use of water resources in the American West. He is best known for his daring riverine explorations of the upper Colorado River and the Grand Canyon. Dolnick, Edward. Powell then managed four federal organizations funded by the U.S. Department of Interior: the U.S. Geographical and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Region (from 1872 to 1879); the Bureau of Ethnology (from 1879 to 1902); the U.S. Geological Survey, or USGS (from 1881 to 1894); and the USGS Irrigation Survey (from 1888 to 1891). Merrill D. Peterson When Powell refused to recommend promptly the dam and reservoir sites whose selection would have reopened the public lands to entry and released federal dowry lands to six new states, Congress terminated the Irrigation Survey. He is best known for his daring riverine explorations of the upper Colorado River and the Grand Canyon. Many academic and professional honors were showered upon Powell, although he cared little for them. The best biography of Powell is William Culp Darrah, Powell of the Colorado (1951). 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